Phil contacted us in April 2015 to discuss the possibility of a front door refurbishment for his 1930’s wooden door.
Front door refurbishment
After resizing the door so that it fits appropriately, we took it away to the workshop for a bit of TLC.
We install a temporary door at Phil’s house so that we could take his front door back to The Grand Victorian Workshop. We’ll then strip it down and leave it to dry out, usually for a week.
Fitting a temporary door
The temporary door that we fit is a solid wood fire door with two locks and grade 11 fire door hinges. It’s always more secure than what’s come off. The night latches on these old doors are always worn out and ready for the bin.
If there’s a deadlock, it’s usually a three lever bathroom lock that somebody’s picked up from that big orange hardware store. They wrap them up nice in a shiny plastic blister pack and market them so you think they’d keep out John Wick.
Usually, a customer knows if their door has passed its sell-by date. I can tell by just looking at some front doors on a photograph if they need setting fire to! Phil’s door is actually in pretty good condition even though some of it is rotten.
It ultimately required resizing, the beading around the traditional leaded light needed replacing, and the letter plate is way too big for the aperture.
There’s lots of work needed.
Old door furniture
Firstly, all the old furniture needs removing. Sometimes there’s a knob or a letter plate, and more often than not Baldwin hinges, that can be polished up and restored. However, not on this one, everything must go.
Stripping paint off an old front door
Off comes the paint. All our front door restorations are stripped to the wood.
Dipping a front door that’s 90 years old can cause problems structurally. Throwing a door into a bath of chemicals will strip the paint. However, what strips paint can also soften the glue that’s used to fix the mortice and tenon joints of the door.
Now, on all the flats we use a Festool Rotex sander. The Rotex 150 FEQ-Plus is gear driven, as opposed to rotary like DIY tools so it’s more robust and gets the job done so well that when Shawn, our Workshop Manager, recommended we buy one, it was a no-brainer.
The sander we use...
Festool are amazing products, not just because they do the job impeccably but the guarantee and customer support is second to none.
In a workshop or on-site we have to use the 110v version, it’s much safer.
Both versions come with a fantastic box and accesories.
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The Heat gun we use...
To strip paint from fine detail, such as around mouldings on the door, we have to use a heat gun. Be very careful not to apply too much heat as you’ll scorch the wood.
Our grey B&Q heat gun gave up the ghost at about 13 months, shockingly, so I invested in a DeWalt one. We’re not using it every day so it should last a few years. At £50, one job would be enough.
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After stripping a dozen coats of old paint from the door in varying colours, we give it a good sand. We find that holes have been filled with cheap internal filler so this is dug out and all blown off with compressed air.
We have a range of fillers for specific jobs. If we can’t splice a piece of wood into a hole in the wood we’ll use a two part Ronseal Wood Filler. This is a two part resin based filler that is fiberous, it clings to the wood, goes rock hard and is fully set within a couple of hours so we can fill, sand and paint the same day.
The priming coat shows up other parts that need filling.
Filler we use...
For external jobs, you must use a two-part exterior filler. Ronseal is a great brand that we’ve had no problem with for years.
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New front door furniture
I cut out a proper hole for the letter plate with a router and jig. Inevitably I’m contending with ‘Dave The Joiner’s half-arsed attempt on-site using a 22mm flat drill bit and the best chisel in the box.
You can see in the original photo (where the door is blue) that the letter plate is too big for the door. Unfortunately, this means that the shaped piece of wood under it is butchered. I sympathetically make a replica.
The new M36 letter plate sits nicely on the top with a hole the perfect size. I mention the product code because I specifically made a jig up for it. Using the right tool makes the hole perfect.
The bolt holes are in the right place, and of course, the central aperture, where the postman puts the letters, is the right size, shape and in the correct position.
Front door furniture suppliers
You can find the whole range of door furniture that we use and all of the suppliers we get stuff from on our SHOP page. We’ve dealt with some of them for over 10 years.
1930s stained glass
Phil wants to keep the glass in the door. It’s nice and matches other glass around the door. We clean it up and strip bits of blue and white paint from the edges. I cut out for the rest of the brass-ware.
After another sand down it goes into the paint room.
Painting the refurbished door
After an undercoat and an inspection in daylight for pinholes and scratches, the door gets a rub down; and then it’s final undercoat.
Two coats of gloss make sure that the paint isn’t patchy and there’s no ‘ghosting’, a right solid colour. The paint job now is as good as we can make it; employing decades of experience.
Brushes we use...
The paint finish is more reliant on the brush it’s put on with than you might think. Purdy brushes have fine bristle tips so the paint goes on smoothly, leaving a great finish.
I use nothing but Purdy now, the set I got a few years ago should last my lifetime as I clean them properly after every use.
The secret to getting something right, of course, is doing things the right way when nobody is looking, essentially – giving a s**t.
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2 inch brush
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5 brush set
We’ve stripped all the old paint, sanded the wood and used the best paint there is out there – Dulux Weathershield. Dulux paint goes on like a dream and is slightly flexible so reduces the chance of the paint cracking between joints in the wood.
1930's front door restoration complete
So the M36 and all its friends, the Yale Traditional night latch, Union deadlock and escutcheons are gathered together to be proudly worn by this restored 1930s front door. You’ll find links to all the furniture we use on 1930s doors, including the locks, in our ‘shop‘.
We take it back to Warrington for refitting.
We fitted our specially made draught bead to the frame and a new Stormguard thresher on the floor (usually there isn’t one at all!). The frame is sanded, filled, undercoated then glossed the next day.
One more happy customer.
#1930sfrontdoor #frontdoorrestoration #leadedglass #stainedglass
Why not read...
Let me take you through our whole process of restoring this oak Victorian bureau. I’ve included more detail on stripping paint, sanding and varnishing wood.
Let me know what you think of the finished work.